A Guide to Female Marijuana Plant Identification

female marijuana plant identification

Female plants are sought after because of their ability to produce potent buds. They develop the source of happiness of most weed users. All types of growers work hard for this.

The male plant needs to be separated so it won’t pollinate the females. In order to do so, you have to be good at female marijuana plant identification. There are distinct features that set it apart from the male plant. 

Marijuana, a Dioecious Plant

A dioecious plant is the type of plant that has either female or male parts. So a single plant can be a female or a male. It implies that one plant can reproduce by itself. 

The male and female plants should work together to make seeds for the future generation. Marijuana is a dioecious plant, and it has separate male and female plants. You can let them grow in the same room for seed production and breeding. 

The advantage of this type of plant is that you can control and even stop seed production. Just with marijuana, you can stop the male plants pollinating the females by putting them in another room away from the females.

So female plants can focus and use their energy in developing buds. But you must know how they look as well as the importance and function of every part.

Female Marijuana Plant Identification Based on Important Parts

Female marijuana plants look healthier than male ones. They grow thick, vertical columns. They also have a lot of leaves. 

The following important parts would help you with female marijuana plant identifications.

1. Calyx as Preflowers

You will see some thin, wispy hair on the female plant. They are attached to an antenna in the form of a teardrop. These are all the parts of a calyx. They have various colors, such as white, green, and purple.

2. The Female’s Pistil 

The pistil of the female marijuana plant is the togetherness of the ovule and the stigma. You can’t find it in the male plants. It appears like an antenna, and it contributes something to pollination.

The pistil turns into an orange hue when the plant reaches full development. It mingles with sticky resin.

The ovule swells up during fertilization, and as it turns into a seed, colors of white, gray, black, and striped patterns show up. It is also referred to as the seed pods. The first pistil that it appears like a wispy hair and small. You will likely find it on the branches that create a connection. 

3. The Flower Produced by the Female Plant

Flowers produced by the female plant are what everyone is crazy about. It is the root of all the fuss about why marijuana is a wonderful weed. It is also the reason why growers are meticulous about separating males from the female. It’s the main reason why female marijuana identification is very important. 

You will love to witness how marijuana flowers develop as it changes into pretty colors and a bigger size. The female plants develop fluffy, light buds with crystal covering during flowering time. The fan, wide leaves can also catch your attention.

The flowers move to be bound in bunches. These flowers are also called sugar leaves as they are seen as green buds drenched in crystals. 

The largest bud is found at the top of the plant while the small ones are close to the stems. They become bigger as the flowering phase progresses. The color also changes as it becomes lighter with Sativa and darker with Indica.

The flowers are transformed into buds, and the resinous crystals become the trichomes. You can find ovule oozing with trichomes. The one that carries the strongest smell is the candidate of kief.

4. Cola Found on the Top of the Plant

Cola can be found on the top of the plant, and it is also considered as the apical stem. You will see it as a row of buds. 

A cola is composed of flowers, leaves, branches, and stems. Most growers are after this part, so you can say that it’s the most desirable part of a marijuana plant. It gained all the goodness as it gets the most artificial light or sunlight.

Pollinated Female Marijuana Plant Identification

Once the female marijuana plant is pollinated, the bracts will be larger. Bracts have a small structure, and they look like a leaf. Their role is to establish protection for female reproductive parts.

You can find bracts in the area where flowering buds come out. You should keep in mind that they’re different from calyxes.

A pair of tweezers would help you to confirm that pollination has taken effect. You can open a single bract to see if there’s a seed inside. If so, you now have a pollinated plant.

You can also look at the pistil hairs. The white hair becomes dark and shrivels when pollination has been completed. 

Female Marijuana Plant in Every Growth Stage

1. The Starting Point

To make sure you will have female plants and you won’t worry about segregating male plants, you can start growing feminized marijuana seeds. It’s best to get them from a reputable seed bank.

2. Pre-Flowering Period

This period is around six weeks after planting the seeds or the clone. It’s also the time that you can identify the gender of your plants. Make sure you have good eyesight and patience as it sometimes takes more time. You sometimes need to inspect your plant from time to time. 

You should see female plants become round at the bottom, specifically between the nods. Pistil hairs that carry THC and CBD can be easily recognized. Male plants will never have this feature. You won’t see a single hair from the ball that it makes for pollen.

3. Flowering Period

Within this period, gender is quite obvious as your female plant is ready to shoot out some pistils. You need a 12/12 light cycle during this period, as it is the time that you need to work on your plants to prosper.

Sum it Up

Pistil hairs can let you easily sort out female marijuana plant identification. But you need to wait for some time before they appear. It’s also important that you know the important parts and their function. It can teach you how to take care of them. 

Your skills in knowing well the female plants will help you during the time that you need to separate male plants. There will be no confusion when you do it.

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About The Author:

James Carico

James Carico

James is a passionate health and lifestyle blogger whose expertise is in the medical marijuana realm. His goal is to break the stigma towards marijuana and share knowledge and information about its brilliant characteristics that offer recreational benefits and boast medical benefits. He is an advocate of marijuana legalization worldwide as he believes everyone should have access to nature’s wonder herb. James enjoys a pot of Super Silver Haze marijuana in his free time as it not only brings him in a good mood but also relieves his body from pain and tension. He writes mainly on medical marijuana’s history, uses and benefits, and cultivation.