Growing marijuana has been a widely known activity and hobby to many people all over the world that much information about it has been shared through various sources online. Everything you need to know can be easily found in one click, just like the details on how to properly transplant cannabis and why it is important in relation to marijuana cultivation. Transplanting Cannabis 101 is what you and some beginning growers need to read about.
Transplanting and its Meaning
The process called transplanting is done by getting a clone and new seeds from the small pots they are in to be transferred in another bigger pot before it grows further into a mature one. Seedlings and clones are only meant to stay in such small pots for some weeks to let the roots develop and be established strongly in the soil.
Letting the crops stay in the smaller pots longer slows down the growth of the crops, especially if it is meant to be bushy or bigger in size, but it hindered by the limited space inside. Also, its roots cannot freely spread through the soil because it is being restrained by the walls of the small pot.
The Importance of Transplant Cannabis
Transplanting is vital in the crops’ full development and blossoming that cannot happen if grown in just any other pot available. While some growers choose to skip the transplanting process and do the other way around of directly planting the seeds in large containers, they end up not being able to maximize their crops’ full potentials and grow abilities.
The roots are suspended inside the containers, not able to absorb all the necessary moisture and nutrients it needs. The moisture that’s left sitting in a certain area within the soil then causes the roots to become weak and eventually rot. Without appropriate root expansion, cannabis plants cannot flourish and grow beautifully. The containers you use dictates the total amount of space that the crops can use for growing and for reaching its full potential.
If the root system is restrained and unable to spread freely while growing, few illnesses and problems with the resulting crops may be found, such as:
- Reddening of the stem or discoloration
- Low in nutrients and sensitivity
- Fragile stature
- Underdeveloped flowers
- Under-watered and short
Once the plants are observed to be already entering the flowering stage, crops really have to be transplanted and placed in a larger container so its roots can really flourish well.
How to Know if it is Time to Transplant
Cannabis plants have certain traits and stages while growing wherein growers can easily tell how well they are doing as well as the needs they still have to provide the crops with. Some of those obvious traits that can be considered as good signs for transplant are:
- The number of leaves that young cannabis plants show after being sowed in small pots. There must already be 4 to 5 sets growing from the stem, excluding the cotyledon.
- The roots that appear at the bottom of the container has to be white and healthy without showing any of the signs of root-bound. It must be transplanted the soonest, thus.
- Plants that are already at its last two weeks of the vegetative stage are most likely to be transplanted in a bigger pot, so it shall be ready for its development in size and volume. Ideally, the process should have taken place before the flowering phase of the crops.
The process of transplanting may be a little risky to some growers and their crops as well. Without proper caution, transplanting the crops may cause a shock and some detrimental effects on the development and health of the crops. To maintain the good condition of the plants and lead them to have stronger roots and more beautiful flowers, some skills, and knowledge on how to do it right is greatly needed.
Below are a guide and a few tips as to how to properly proceed with the transplantation of cannabis into their finishing pots.
The initial transplant has to be performed, as mentioned above when there are 4 to 5 leaves. Seedlings must have been grown in a container with the size of a Solo cup where it needs to stay for a few weeks after it has been sowed.
On performing the first transplant, the first step is to wash your hands first or might as well wear gloves to avoid the roots from being contaminated. A clean and well-maintained area is most recommended, too.
Prepare the receiving pot beforehand by putting in the medium you like to use for its cultivation. Ensure also enough space inside. At the same time, avoiding to water the crops the night before transplanting them is advised, so the soil will naturally stick with the plants and will make it easier to be transplanted.
Avoid the crops from being shocked with very intense light and destruction of its roots during the initial transplant. Once done, put an ample amount of water is highly recommended.
The vegetative transplantation lasts a few weeks again after the initial transplanting. Growers must choose and prepare a finishing container that is based on the root expansion of the crops. In each pot, there should be 2 gallons of soil for every 12 inches of its growth. You must always look after the plants if ever they are showing some signs of distress and overcrowding of roots. The medium used must also not too loose, not too compact when placed in the container. Doing so may cause damage to the roots and hinder drainage, too.
Transplanting of crops to the finishing containers have to be carefully performed. This container is the final and most important holding place of the crops while undergoing its flowering stage. However, transplantation needs to be finished before they enter the flowering stage. Otherwise, don’t transfer the crops anymore to avoid shock. The most advisable time given to a crop before flowering is 1 to 2 weeks ahead.
More space inside means more space also for the roots to expand and, thus, better flourishing and healthier harvest, too. Indoor cultivation requires an additional 3 to 5 gallons depending on the strain used, while outdoors, over 5-gallon containers are preferred.
Tools in Essential and Safe Transplantation of Crops
Aside from your skills and personal experience as a grower, one more thing that really helps in proper transplantation of cannabis plants is the use of efficient, useful tools. Every grower must have the following:
- Spade or Hand shovels – a tool for digging a hole in the ground or in the soil of pots used for cultivation. This also aids in digging outcrops that are intended for transplantation. The longer the blade of shovels, the deeper you can go on digging, too. Transplanting larger trees benefit from such longer shovels.
- Empty containers as receivers of transplanted crops – although not really used to do something as part of the transplantation process, containers may be used as a reservoir of the crops to be transplanted, which may be made of plastic or other stuff like big bottles of mineral water.
- Yard Carts – this one is very handy, especially during the exact day of transplantation. It can be used for carrying the tools and going to digging sites as well as for the crops to be brought to their new homes. Yard carts may be used instead of very large machinery entering a small grow area, so troubles may be avoided.
- Water Jugs – the transition from one growing area to another would not be as healthy as you like it to be without the use of enough water. This works better, especially when you do not have a nearby faucet where a hose can be attached for watering your crops.
Young crops are like babies that are cute and cuddly, can be so delicate and sensitive to anything done to them, particularly in the early stages of its growth. Marijuana strains are not always as strong and resilient as its flavors and aroma. While still a babe, young marijuana crops also need some loving care and attention. Transplantation means a lot, a make or breaks apart in the cultivation process that growers have to go through once in a while every season. This Transplanting Cannabis 101 discussion is true of high importance today, and may this serve you well in your own cannabis cultivation activity.